Sci. Aging Knowl. Environ., 8 October 2003
Vol. 2003, Issue 40, p. or22


CB1 Cannabinoid Receptors and On-Demand Defense Against Excitotoxicity

Giovanni Marsicano, Sharon Goodenough, Krisztina Monory, Heike Hermann, Matthias Eder, Astrid Cannich, Shahnaz C. Azad, Maria Grazia Cascio, Silvia Ortega Gutiérrez, Mario van der Stelt, Maria Luz López-Rodríguez, Emilio Casanova, Günther Schütz, Walter Zieglgänsberger, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Christian Behl, and Beat Lutz;2003/40/or22

Abstract: Science 302, 84-88 (2003)

Abnormally high spiking activity can damage neurons. Signaling systems to protect neurons from the consequences of abnormal discharge activity have been postulated. We generated conditional mutant mice that lack expression of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 in principal forebrain neurons but not in adjacent inhibitory interneurons. In mutant mice, the excitotoxin kainic acid (KA) induced excessive seizures in vivo. The threshold to KA-induced neuronal excitation in vitro was severely reduced in hippocampal pyramidal neurons of mutants. KA administration rapidly raised hippocampal levels of anandamide and induced protective mechanisms in wild-type principal hippocampal neurons. These protective mechanisms could not be triggered in mutant mice. The endogenous cannabinoid system thus provides on-demand protection against acute excitotoxicity in central nervous system neurons.

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