Sci. Aging Knowl. Environ., 16 November 2005
Vol. 2005, Issue 46, p. or18


Obestatin, a Peptide Encoded by the Ghrelin Gene, Opposes Ghrelin's Effects on Food Intake

Jian V. Zhang, Pei-Gen Ren, Orna Avsian-Kretchmer, Ching-Wei Luo, Rami Rauch, Cynthia Klein, and Aaron J. W. Hsueh

Abstract: Science 310, 996-999 (2005).

Ghrelin, a circulating appetite-inducing hormone, is derived from a prohormone by posttranslational processing. On the basis of the bioinformatic prediction that another peptide also derived from proghrelin exists, we isolated a hormone from rat stomach and named it obestatin--a contraction of obese, from the Latin "obedere," meaning to devour, and "statin," denoting suppression. Contrary to the appetite-stimulating effects of ghrelin, treatment of rats with obestatin suppressed food intake, inhibited jejunal contraction, and decreased body-weight gain. Obestatin bound to the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR39. Thus, two peptide hormones with opposing action in weight regulation are derived from the same ghrelin gene. After differential modification, these hormones activate distinct receptors.

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